Social Housing

The origin of public housing is due to the purpose of relief and charity. In August 1928, a big fire was happened in an old housing estate for the poor in Tamagnini Barbosa. The whole estate was destroyed by the fire and the government rebuilt a series of small housing at the same site in the following year. It is the first public housing estate and 23 blocks of public housing which is equivalent to 711 apartments had been totally built until 1949. Afterwards, the government gradually built new apartments.

The followings are the development of public housing in a different era:
 
1960 ~ 1968

In the 60s and 70s, the government started to provide 5 to 7-storey-housing as social housing for low-income families or families with special difficulties in the form of renting. The government continuously improved and rebuilt such estates within these years, in order to provide a better living environment and common facilities to these families.

Around 300 apartments were completed in this period. They are mainly constructed by the investment of ancillary organisations, private charity organisations, religious organisations and social welfare or international organisations. The housing estates that completed in this period are:

- Aldeia da Esperança -32 apartments;
- Bairro Social de Seac Pai Van -32 apartments;
- Bairro Económico da Taipa -200 apartments;
- Edifício Dª. Angélica Lopes Santos -70 apartments

According to the rapid development and enhancement of living standards, Aldeia da Esperança, Bairro Social de Seac Pai Van, Bairro Económico da Taipa had been demolished respectively. Edifício Dª. Angélica Lopes Santos had been rebuilt into elderly housing with different facilities, such as elevators, emergency alarm systems had been added in the housing, as well as establishing centres for the elderly by social welfare organisations that provided 24 hours emergency service for elders.

 
1970 ~ 1984

804 apartments were constructed by Housing Bureau or through social ancillary sectors in this period. The completed housing estates in this period are:

Edifício Dª. Julieta Nobre de Carvalho -340 apartments; 
Bairro Social Iao Hon -224 apartments; 
Bairro Social Fai Chi Kei -240 apartments.

Subsequently, Edifício Dª. Julieta Nobre de Carvalho A, B and C were rebuilt into the elderly housing in 1995. Continuous improvement and various kinds of facilities have been added in the housing. Moreover, it also set up centres for the elderly by social welfare organisations that provided 24 hours emergency services for elders.

 
1985 ~ 1992

This is the period that the largest amount of social housing estates had been constructed. Among these estates, the largest social housing estate was Bairro Social de Mong-Ha which was completed in 1988. The housing estates completed at this period are:

1985-Torres A/B/C-Tamagnini Barbosa -579 apartments;
1988-Bairro Social de Mong-Ha -650 apartments;
1992-Bairro Social da Taipa -263 apartments.

 
2005 ~ 2007

The social housing estate that completed is Habitação Social da Ilha Verde - Edifício Cheng Chun , totally 210 housing units had been built.

 
2008 ~ 2009
The social housing estates that completed in this period are:
Habitação Social do Fai-Chi-Kei - Edifício Fai Fu - 484 apartments for elderly;
Habitação Social do Fai-Chi-Kei - Edifício Fai I  - 400 apartments;
Habitação Social da Ilha Verde - Edifício Cheng Chong - 252 apartments for elderly.
 
2010 ~ 2011
The social housing estates that completed in this period are:
Habitação Social da Ilha Verde - Edifício Cheng Choi - 672 apartments;
Habitação Social de Mong Ha - Edifício Mong Sin  - 588 apartments;
Habitação Social da Ilha Verde - Edifício Cheng Nga - 375 apartments.
 
2012 ~ 2013
The social housing estates that completed in this period are:
Habitação Social de Mong Há - Edifício Mong In - 346 apartments;
Habitação Social de Seac Pai Van - Edifício Lok Kuan   - 4,672 apartments.